Wearing elastics (or rubber bands) improves the fit of your upper and lower teeth. Wear rubber bands as instructed, and remember that the rubber bands work far more efficiently if they're worn as prescribed.
Separators are little rubber doughnuts that may be placed between your teeth to push them apart so that orthodontic bands may be placed during your next appointment. The separators will be removed before we place the bands. Separators do not mix well with sticky foods, toothpicks, or floss.
Palate expanders help your top jaw grow wider so the top back teeth
overlap the bottom back teeth. This also creates more room for permanent teeth to
erupt. When activated, the expander puts gentle pressure on your top molars. Once the desired growth is achieved, the expander maintains the jaw while the bone matures to prevent relapse.
Headgear are used to improve the growth of the jaws in children. One type of headgear is used to slow the growth of the top jaw when the top teeth are too far forward of the bottom teeth (excessive overjet). Another type of headgear is used to encourage to top jaw to grow forward when the child has an underbite (the bottom teeth forward of the top teeth. Headgear is worn while a child is sleeping, not during the day or at school.
Retainers may be clear or pink acrylic with wires. Once your treatment is complete, the retainers are worn to hold your teeth in their new position while the bones and ligaments mature. Retainers are worn full time for the first six months- taking them out to eat, brush and floss, or when wearing a mouthguard. After the first six months and your teeth are stable, you will wear retainers while sleeping at night. Retainers are worn on a regular basis for many years to protect the teeth from shifting with time.
The FORSUS is used in growing children to encourage growth of the bottom jaw and improve the bite.